Chief Littlechild has the distinction of being the first Treaty First Nation person to acquire his law degree from the University Alberta in 1976. He received a Bachelor of Physical Education in 1967 and a Master's degree in Physical Education in 1975. The University of Alberta bestowed the Doctor of Laws Degree to Chief Littlechild for outstanding achievements in 2007.
As an avid sportsman and athlete, Chief Littlechild has won more than 50 provincial, national, and international championships. He has served as a coach and organizaer of many sporting events including founder of the North American Indigenous Games. He has been inducted into seven Sports Walls of Fame.
Chief Littlechild is a respected lawyer and operates the firm of J. Wilton Littlechild Barrister and Solicitor in the Ermineksin Reserve. He is a strong advocate for Aboriginal rights and promoter of implementation of the Treaties between Indigenous Peoples of Canada and the Crown, now representend by the federal government. Chief Littlechild also served as the Chairperson for the Commission on First Nations and Metis Peoples and Justice Reform, mandated to review Saskatchewan's justice system.
Chief Littlechild served as a Member of Parliament from 1988-1993 for the riding of Wetaskiwin-Rimby. He served on several senior committees in the House of Commons and was a parliamentary delegate to the United Nations.
Chief Littlechild organized a coalition of Indigenous Nations that soughts and gained consultitive status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. He was reappointed by the ECOSOC President to represente Nroth AMerica and has completed his second and final terms as the North American represetantie to the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.
Chief Littlechild was honoured by being appointed the Honourary Chief for the Maskwacis Crees and also honoured by the Chiefs of the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations as the International Chief for Treaty No. 6 Confederacy. He was elected by the Chiefs of Treaties 6, 7, and 8 (Alberta) as the Regional Chief of the three treaty territories in 2006. He is married to Helen Peacock and is the father of three children: Teddi, Neil, and Megan.